Section 275- Company Liquidators and their appointments. [Corresponds to Section 448,449,450 of the Companies Act, 1956]
(1) For the purposes of winding up of a company by the Tribunal, the Tribunal at the time of the passing of the order of winding up, shall appoint an Official Liquidator or a liquidator from the panel maintained under sub-section (2) as the Company Liquidator.
(2) The provisional liquidator or the Company Liquidator, as the case may, shall be appointed by the Tribunal from amongst the insolvency professionals registered under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016; [sub section (2) substituted w.e.f.15.11.2016 vide Notification 37 dated 28.05.2016 (Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016) read with MCA Notification S.O.3453(E) dated 15.11.2016 effective from 15.11.2016.
(3) Where a provisional liquidator is appointed by the Tribunal, the Tribunal may limit and restrict his powers by the order appointing him or it or by a subsequent order, but otherwise he shall have the same powers as a liquidator.
(4) [........] [omitted w.e.f.15.11.2016 vide Notification 37 dated 28.05.2016 (Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016) read with MCA Notification S.O.3453(E)dated 15.11.2016 effective from 15.11.2016.
Provided that the Central Government before removing him or it from the panel shall give him or it a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(5) The terms and conditions of appointment of a provisional liquidator or Company Liquidator and the fee payable to him or it shall be specified by the Tribunal on the basis of task required to be performed, experience, qualification of such liquidator and size of the company.
(6) On appointment as provisional liquidator or Company Liquidator, as the case may be, such liquidator shall file a declaration within seven days from the date of appointment in the prescribed form disclosing conflict of interest or lack of independence in respect of his appointment, if any, with the Tribunal and such obligation shall continue throughout the term of his appointment.
(7) While passing a winding up order, the Tribunal may appoint a provisional liquidator, if any, appointed under clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 273, as the Company Liquidator for the conduct of the proceedings for the winding up of the company.
1. Prior to substitution w.e.f 15.11.2016 sub-section (2) read as under:
(2) The provisional liquidator or the Company Liquidator, as the case may be, shall be appointed from a panel maintained by the Central Government consisting of the names of chartered accountants, advocates, company secretaries, cost accountants or firms or bodies corporate having such chartered accountants, advocates, company secretaries, cost accountants and such other professionals as may be notified by the Central Government or from a firm or a body corporate of persons having a combination of such professionals as may be prescribed and having at least ten years’ experience in company matters.
2. Prior to omission w.e.f. 15.11.2016, sub -section (4) read as under:
(4) The Central Government may remove the name of any person or firm or body corporate from the panel maintained under sub-section (2) on the grounds of misconduct, fraud, misfeasance, breach of duties or professional incompetence: