Costing Standards Accounting Standards E-Forms

The Companies Act, 1956

Schedules

Schedule - XIV - Rates of Depreciation

SCHEDULE XIV

[See sections 205 and 350]

RATES OF DEPRECIATION

 

Nature of assets

 

Single Shift

Double Shift

Triple Shift

 

WDV

SLM

WDV

SLM

WDV

SLM

 

 

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

I.

(a) BUILDINGS (other than factory buildings) [NESD]

 

5%

1.63%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(b) FACTORY BUILDINGS

 

10%

3.34%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(c) PURELY TEMPORARY ERECTIONS such as wooden structures

 

100%

100%

.....

.....

.....

.....

II.

PLANT AND MACHINERY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[(i) General rate applicable to,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)  Plant and machinery (not being a ship) other than continuous process plant for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below :

 

13.91%

4.75%

20.87%

7.42%

27.82%

10.34%

 

(b)  continuous process plant, [* * *] for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below [NESD]

 

15.33%

5.28%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(ii) Special rates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A.1. Cinematograph films - Machinery used in the production and exhibition of cinematograph films [NESD]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)  Recording equipment, reproducing equipment, developing machines, printing machines, editing machines, synchronisers and studio lights except bulbs

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(b)  Projecting equipment of film exhibiting concerns

 

2. Cycles [NESD]

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

[3. Electrical machinery, X-ray and electrotherapeutic apparatus and accessories thereto, medical, diagnostic equipments, namely, cat-scan, ultrasound machines, ECG monitors, etc. [NESD]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Juice boiling pans (karhais) [NESD]

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

5. Motor-cars, motor-cycles, scooters and other mopeds (NESD]

 

25.89%

9.5%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

6. Electrically operated vehicles including battery powered or fuel cell powered vehicles [NESD]

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

7. Sugarcane crushers (indigenous kolhus and belans) [NESD]

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

8. Glass manufacturing concerns except direct fire glass melting furnaces - Recuperative and regenerative glass melting furnaces

 

20%

7.07%

30%

11.31%

40%

16.21%

 

9. Machinery used in the manufacture of electronic goods and components

 

15.62%

5.38%

23.42%

8.46%

31.23%

11.87%]

B.

1. [Aeroplanes, aero engines, simulators, visual system and quick engine change equipment [NESD]

 

16.2%

5.6%]

 

 

 

 

 

2. Concrete pipes manufacture Moulds [NESD]

 

30%

11.31%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

3. Drum container manufacture [NESD]

 

4. Earth-moving machinery employed in heavy construction works, such as dams, tunnels, canals, etc. [NESD]

 

5. Glass manufacturing concerns except direct fire glass melting furnaces Moulds [NESD]

 

6. Moulds in iron foundries [NESD]

 

[7. Mineral oil concerns Field operations

 

30%

11.31%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(above ground) Portable boilers, drilling tools, well-head tanks, etc. (NESD)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7A. Rigs (NESD)]

 

10%

3.34%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

8. Mines and quarries—Portable underground machinery and earth-moving machinery used in open cast mining [NESD]

 

30%

11.31%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

9. Motor buses and motor lorries other than those used in a business of running them on hire [NESD]

 

9A. Motor tractors, harvesting combines [NESD]

 

10. Patterns, dies and templates [NESD]

 

11. Ropeway structures Ropeways, ropes and trestle sheaves and connected parts [NESD]

 

12. Shoe and other leather goods factories Wooden lasts used in the manufacture of shoes

 

30%

11.31%

45%

18.96%

60%

29.05%

C.

1. [***]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Motor buses, motor lorries and motor taxis used in a business of running them on hire [NESD]

 

40%

16.21%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

3. Rubber and plastic goods factories Moulds [NESD]

 

4. Data processing machines including computers [NESD]

 

5. Gas cylinders including valves and regulators [NESD]

D.

1. Artificial silk manufacturing machinery wooden parts

 

100%

100%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

2. Cinematograph films Bulbs of studio lights

 

3. Flour mills Rollers

 

4. Glass manufacturing concerns Direct fire glass melting furnaces

 

[4A. Float Glass Melting Furnaces (NESD) 27% 10%]

 

5. Iron and Steel industries Rolling mill rolls

 

100%

100%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

6. Match factories Wooden match frames

 

7. Mineral oil concerns (a) Plant used in field operations (below ground) ”Distribution - returnable packages; (b) Plant used in field operations (below ground) but not including assets used in field operations (distribution)”Kerbside pumps including under-ground tanks and fittings

 

8. Mines and quarries

 

(a)  Tubs, winding ropes, haulage ropes and sand stowing pipes

 

(b)  Safety lamps

 

9. Salt works Salt pans, reservoirs and condensers, etc., made of earthy, sandy or clay material or any other similar material

 

10. Sugar works Rollers

III.

FURNITURE AND FITTINGS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1. General Rates [NESD]

 

18.1%

6.33%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

2. Rate for furniture and fittings used in hotels, restaurants and boarding houses; schools, colleges and other educational institutions, libraries; welfare centres; meeting halls, cinema houses; theatres and circuses; and for furniture and fittings let out on hire for use on the occasion of marriages and similar functions [NESD]

 

25.88%

9.5%

.....

.....

.....

.....]

IV.

SHIPS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Ocean-going ships

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (i)  Fishing vessels with wooden hull [NESD]

 

27.05%

10%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(ii)  Dredgers, tugs, barges, survey launches and other similar ships used mainly for dredging purposes [NESD]

 

19.8%

7%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(iii)  Other ships [NESD]

 

14.6%

5%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

2. Vessels ordinarily operating on inland waters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (i)  Speed boats [NESD]

 

20%

7.07%

.....

.....

.....

.....

 

(ii)  Other vessels [NESD]

 

10%

3.34%

.....

.....

.....

.....

[V INTANGIBLE ASSETS

1.  Intangible Assets (Toll Road) created under Build, Operate and Transfer, Build, Own, Operate and Transfer or any other form of Public Private Partnership Route.

 

Amortization Rate =

Amortization Amount × 100

 

 

Cost of Intangible Asset (A)

 

Amortization Amount =

 

Cost of Intangible Asset (A) × 

Actual Revenue for the year (B)

 

 

Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset

 

 

 

(till the end of the concession period) (C)

 

2. Meaning of particulars are as follows:

 

Cost of Intangible Asset (A)

=

Cost incurred by the Company in accordance with the Accounting Standards.

 

Actual Revenue for the year (B)

=

Actual Revenue (Toll Charges) received during the accounting year.

 

Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset (C)

=

Total Projected Revenue from the Intangible Asset as provided to the Project Lender at the time of financial closure/agreement.

The amortization amount or rate should ensure that the whole of the cost of the intangible asset is amortized over the concession period.

Total Revenue shall be reviewed at the end of each financial year and the projected revenue shall be adjusted to reflect any changes in the estimate which will lead to the actual collection at the end of the concession period.

3. For Example:

 

Cost of creation of Intangible Assets

:

Rs. 500 crores

 

Total period of Agreement

:

20 years

 

Time use for creation of Intangible Assets

:

2 years

 

Intangible Assets to be amortized in

:

18 years

Let us assume that the total revenue to be generated out of Intangible Assets over the period would be Rs. 600 crores in the following manner:—

Year No.

Revenue (in Rs. crores)

Remarks

Year 1

5

Actual

Year 2

7.5

Estimate*

Year 3

10

Estimate*

Year 4

12.5

Estimate*

Year 5

17.5

Estimate*

Year 6

20

Estimate*

Year 7

23

Estimate*

Year 8

27

Estimate*

Year 9

31

Estimate*

Year 10

34

Estimate*

Year 11

38

Estimate*

Year 12

41

Estimate*

Year 13

46

Estimate*

Year 14

50

Estimate*

Year 15

53

Estimate*

Year 16

57

Estimate*

Year 17

60

Estimate*

Year 18

67.5

Estimate*

Total

600

 

'*' will be actual at the end of financial year.

 

Based on this the charge for first year would be Rs. 4.16 crore (approximately) (i.e. Rs. 5/Rs. 600 × Rs. 500 crores) which would be charged to profit and loss and 0.83% (i.e. Rs. 4.16 crore/Rs. 500 crore × 100) is the amortization rate for the first year.]

•  WDV means written down value.

•  SLM means straight line method.

NOTES

1. "Buildings" include roads, bridges, culverts, wells and tube-wells.

2. "Factory buildings" does not include offices, godowns, officers' and employees' quarters, roads, bridges, culverts, wells and tube-wells.

3. "Speed boat" means a motor boat driven by a high speed internal combustion engine capable of propelling the boat at a speed exceeding 24 kilometres per hour in still water and so designed that when running at a speed it will plane, i.e., its bow will rise from the water.

4. Where, during any financial year, any addition has been made to any asset, or where any asset has been sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed, the depreciation on such assets shall be calculated on a pro rata basis from the date of such addition or, as the case may be, up to the date on which such asset has been sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed.

5. The following information should also be disclosed in the accounts:

(i)  depreciation methods used; and

(ii)  depreciation rates or the useful lives of the assets, if they are different from the principal rates specified in the Schedule.

6. The calculations of the extra depreciation for double shift working and for triple shift working shall be made separately in the proportion which the number of days for which the concern worked double shift or triple shift, as the case may be, bears to the normal number of working days during the year. For this purpose, the normal number of working days during the year shall be deemed to be

(a)  in the case of a seasonal factory or concern, the number of days on which the factory or concern actually worked during the year or 180 days, whichever is greater;

(b)  in any other case, the number of days on which the factory or concern actually worked during the year or 240 days, which-ever is greater.

The extra shift depreciation shall not be charged in respect of any item of machinery or plant which has been specifically, excepted by inscription of the letters "NESD" (meaning "no extra shift depreciation") against it in sub-items above and also in respect of the following items of machinery and plant to which the general rate of depreciation of [13.91] per cent applies

(1)  Accounting machines.

(2)  Air-conditioning machinery including room air-conditioners.

(3)  Building contractor's machinery.

(4)  Calculating machines.

(5)  Electrical machinery switchgear and instruments, transformers and other stationary plant and wiring and fitting of electric light and fan installations.

(6)  Hydraulic works, pipelines and sluices.

(7)  Locomotives, rolling stocks, tramways and railways used by concerns, excluding railway concerns.

(8)  Mineral oil concerns field operations:

(a)   [* * *]

(b)  Prime movers

(c)   [* * *]

(d)  Storage tanks (above ground)

(e)  Pipelines (above ground)

(f)  Jetties and dry docks

(9)  Mineral oil concerns field operations (distribution) kerbside pumps, including underground tanks and fittings.

(10)  Mineral oil concerns refineries:

(a)   [* * *]

(b)  Prime movers

(c)  [* * *]

[(d) LPG Plant]

(11)  Mines and quarries :

(a)  Surface and underground machinery (other than electrical machinery and portable underground machinery)

(b)  Head-gears

(c)  Rails

(d)   [* * *]

(e)  Shafts and inclines

(f)  Tramways on the surface

(12)  Neo-post franking machines.

(13)  Office machinery.

(14)  Overhead cables and wires.

(15)  Railway sidings.

(16)  Refrigeration plant containers, etc. (other than racks).

(17)  Ropeway structures:

(a)  Trestle and station steel work.

(b)  Driving and tension gearing.

(18) Salt works Reservoirs, condensers, salt pans, delivery channels and piers if constructed of masonry, concrete, cement, asphalt or similar materials; barges and floating plant; piers, quays and jetties; and pipelines for conveying brine if constructed of masonry, concrete, cement, asphalt or similar materials.

(19)  Surgical instruments.

(20)  Tramways electric and tramways run by internal combustion engines—permanent way : cars car trucks, car bodies, electrical equipment and motors; tram cars including engines and gears.

(21)  Typewriters.

(22)  Weighing machines.

(23)  Wireless apparatus and gear, wireless appliances and accessories.]

(24)  [* * *]

[7. 'Continuous process plant' means a plant which is required and designed to operate 24 hours a day.

8. Notwithstanding anything mentioned in this Schedule, depreciation on assets, whose actual cost does not exceed five thousand rupees, shall be provided depreciation at the rate of hundred per cent:]

[Provided that where the aggregate actual cost of individual items of plant and machinery costing Rs. 5,000 or less constitutes more than 10 per cent of the total actual cost of plant and machinery, rates of depreciation applicable to such items shall be the rates as specified in Item II of the Schedule.]